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Zenit-Auto, -14, -AM, -AM2, -APk

 

Zenit Automat

 

 
  

In 1984 the Zenit-automat entered the mass production. The Automat was the first KMZ camera with Pentax K mount (which was proposed as an open-standard by Pentax and distributed freely) and a focal shutter with horizontal-travel cloth curtains. The only operation mode was aperture-priority. At least 3 variants of Zenit Auto existing: an early cameras came under name Zenit Automat in Cyrillic/Roman. The export version used the "Motorola" electronics instead of soviet ones. The Late Automat's came under name "Zenit Auto" in Roman characters.

  

Produced: 1984-1994
Name: „Зенит Автомат“
Producer: KMZ
Frame size: 24x36.
Lens: MC Helios-44K-4  2/58.
Shutter: 1s-1/1000s + B.

Quantity: 68.002 units.

 

Sample of uncommon Zenit Automat camera.

 

  

Less common to find early version of Zenit Automat camera. According to KMZ official sources at least 2 units released in 1984, 107 cameras - in 1985 and 412 cams - in 1986. Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) coll.


 




Camera opposite is fitted with late MC Zenitar-K "FISH-EYE" 2.8/16mm lens.

 

Zenit Automat #8600451.

 

  

Still common to find version of Zenit Automat camera. Nameplate markings in Cyrillic characters. Some cameras have Soviet Sign of Quality on the shutter advance lever (see picture below).


 

 

Zenit Automat  #8905140.

 

  

Very uncommon to find "Hybrid" version of Zenit Automat camera. "ZENIT" markings in Roman characters, though "Automat" markings silkscreened in Cyrillic characters yet. The particular camera is fitted with imported Vivitar 1.7/50 lens. Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) coll.  

 



 

Zenit Automat  #9008794.

 

  

Uncommon export version of Zenit Automat camera with EFCO french electronics inside (camera's passport has special insert announcing this). Though the Soviet Union falled down in 1991, the particular camera (1993) still has "Made in USSR" silkscreened markings on th rear plate (see picture below). Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) coll.  

 



 

Zenit Automat  #9300477.

 

  
 

 

 

  

Seems to be the latest version, under export name Zenit Auto. Though the Soviet Union falled down in 1991, Zenit Auto body still has "Made in USSR" markings until early 1993. Only in late 1993-1994 (the last years of mass production) it was changed to "Made in Russia" already. 




 

 

Zenit Auto  #9300884.

 

 

 



 

 

 

Zenit-14

 

 
  

This very rare camera is identical to the Zenit-Automat, but semi-automatic. Electromechanical shutter and electronic selftimer. LED meter indications. K-bayonet mount, delivered with Helios-44K-4 2/58 lens [2].

  

Produced: 1987-1990
Name: „Зенит-14“
Producer: KMZ
Frame size: 24x36.
Lens: Helios-44K-4  2/58.
Shutter: 1s-1/1000s + B.

Quantity: 567 units.


 


Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) collection. 

 

Zenit-14  #8900292.

 

 

 



 

 

 

Zenit-AM

 

 

 

 

This camera appears to be a less expensive variation of the Zenit Automat. It has an electronically timed metal fan type vertically traveling shutter. It also has a few cosmetic changes and the lower flash jack has been changed into a power jack to allow operation from a remote battery box in extremely cold weather. The camera does not have the built in viewfinder shutter. This camera will not operate without four PX625 or equivalent batteries [2].

   

  

Produced: 1988-1995
Name: „Зенит AM“
Producer: KMZ
Frame size: 24x36.
Lens: MC Helios-44K-4  2/58.
Shutter: 1s-1/1000s + B.

Quantity: 7.348 units.

 

Zenit-AM  #92001566.

 

It's interesting to mention, that first Zenit-AM cameras (1988-1992) have "Made in USSR" markings on the rear plate, some cameras from 1992 (see camera #92001566 above) come without any country's markings. The late Zenit-AM cameras have "Made in Russia" markings on the rear plate already (see picture below).

 


 

Zenit-AM  #93000580.

 



 

 

 

Zenit-AM2

 

 
  

Camera identical to Zenit-AM, but without selftimer [1].

  

Produced: 1992-1997
Name: „Зенит AM2“
Producer: KMZ
Frame size: 24x36.
Lens: MC Helios-44K-4  2/58.
Shutter: 1s-1/1000s + B.

Quantity: 27.240 units.

 

Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) coll. 

 

Zenit-AM2  #93000101.

 

  

Some late edition Zenit-AM2 cameras had export markings in Roman Characters. Visually no otherwise different ...

 

Zenit-AM2  #95005404.

 

  
  

 

 

 
  
  
  


 

 

 

Zenit-APk

 

 
  

Next in Zenit Automat (Zenit-AM) line was the Zenit-APk. Its distinguishing feature was the introduction of a manual shutter mode in addinion to aperture-priority. The original FZL-84 shutter was also changed to a licensed 'Copal Square' shutter [2].

  

Produced: 1992-1998
Name: „Зенит-АПк“
Producer: KMZ
Frame size: 24x36.
Lens: MC Helios-44K-4  2/58.
Shutter: 1s-1/2000s + B.

Quantity: 6.394 units.

 

Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) coll. 

 

Zenit-APk  #93000101.

 

  

Camera opposite from Ilya Stolyar (USA) coll. 

 

Zenit APk  #96000024.